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The 20-yard shuttle is the Combine’s approach to measure an athlete’s agility, short-range explosiveness, and lateral quickness. Here’s the description from NFL.com:

The athlete starts in the three-point stance, explodes out 5 yards to his right, touches the line, goes back 10 yards to his left, left hand touches the line, pivot, and he turns 5 more yards and finishes.

As you can imagine, heavier players fare much worse in this metric, and shorter players have a slight advantage, too. The best-fit formula from the 2016 Combine using height and weight as inputs is: 4.00 -0.012 * Height (Inches) + 0.005 * Weight (Pounds). In other words, for every 20 pounds a player weighs, he would be expected to take an extra tenth of a second to complete the drill. UCLA center Jake Brendel is 6’4 and weighs 303 pounds; that’s not exactly the formula for dominating this drill. But he wound up completing the workout in just 4.27 seconds, the exact same time it took Notre Dame wideout Will Fuller (6’0, 186 pounds). Based on Brendel’s profile, we would have projected him to take an extra 0.40 seconds to finish, which means he is your 2016 Short Shuttle champion.

RkNameCollegePOSHeight (in)Weight (lbs)Exp. ShuttleShuttleShuttle Diff
1Jake BrendelUCLAC763034.674.27-0.40
2Nick VigilUtah StateILB742394.374.00-0.37
3Connor WujciakBoston CollegeDT742914.634.27-0.36
4Justin SimmonsBoston CollegeFS742024.183.85-0.33
5Alex McCalisterFloridaDL782394.324.00-0.32
6Kentrell BrothersMissouriILB722454.424.11-0.31
7Shaq LawsonClemsonDE742694.524.21-0.31
8Bronson KaufusiBrigham YoungDE782854.554.25-0.30
9Cody KesslerSouthern CaliforniaQB732204.284.00-0.28
10Joey BosaOhio StateDE772694.484.21-0.27
11David MorganTexas-San AntonioTE762624.464.19-0.27
12Dan VitaleNorthwesternRB722394.394.12-0.27
13Vernon HargreavesFloridaCB702044.233.98-0.25
14Quinton JeffersonMarylandDT752914.624.37-0.25
15Dean LowryNorthwesternDE772964.624.38-0.24
16Maliek CollinsNebraskaDT733114.754.52-0.23
17Vincent ValentineNebraskaDT753294.824.59-0.23
18Nick VannettOhio StateTE772574.424.20-0.22
19Sean DavisMarylandFS732014.183.97-0.21
20Ben BrauneckerHarvardTE752504.414.20-0.21
21Jason SpriggsIndianaOT773014.654.44-0.21
22Tavon YoungTempleCB691834.143.93-0.21
23DeAndre ElliottColorado StateCB721884.133.94-0.19
24Joe HaegNorth Dakota StateOT783044.654.47-0.18
25Carson WentzNorth Dakota StateQB772374.324.15-0.17
26Blake MartinezStanfordILB732374.374.20-0.17
27Sheldon DayNotre DameDT722934.674.50-0.17
28Nick KwiatkoskiWest VirginiaILB742434.394.22-0.17
29Willie HenryMichiganDT743034.694.53-0.16
30Isaac SeumaloOregon StateG753034.684.52-0.16
31Anthony ZettelPenn StateDE752774.554.39-0.16
32Eric MurrayMinnesotaCB701994.214.05-0.16
33Shilique CalhounMichigan StateDE762514.404.25-0.15
34Marquez NorthTennesseeWR742234.284.13-0.15
35Darron LeeOhio StateOLB722324.354.20-0.15
36Jason FanaikaUtahDE732714.544.39-0.15
37Peyton BarberAuburnRB702284.364.21-0.15
38Carl NassibPenn StateDE782774.514.37-0.14
39Jalen MillsLSUFS721914.144.00-0.14
40Austin BlytheIowaC742984.674.53-0.14
41Reggie RaglandAlabamaILB732474.424.28-0.14
42Joe ThuneyNorth Carolina StateG763044.684.54-0.14
43Kenny ClarkUCLADT743144.754.62-0.13
44Devon CajusteStanfordWR752344.334.20-0.13
45Ryan KellyAlabamaC763114.714.59-0.12
46Jack ConklinMichigan StateOT773084.684.57-0.11
47Braxton MillerOhio StateWR732014.184.07-0.11
48Deiondre HallNorthern IowaCB731994.174.06-0.11
49Austin HooperStanfordTE752544.434.32-0.11
50D.J. ReaderClemsonDT743274.824.71-0.11
51D.J. FosterArizona StateWR701934.184.07-0.11
52DeForest BucknerOregonDE792914.574.47-0.10
53Joe SchobertWisconsinOLB732444.404.30-0.10
54Michael ThomasOhio StateWR742124.234.13-0.10
55Sheldon RankinsLouisvilleDT732994.694.59-0.10
56Josh DoctsonTexas ChristianWR742024.184.08-0.10
57Cody WhitehairKansas StateG753014.674.58-0.09
58James CowserSouthern UtahDE752484.404.31-0.09
59Joel HeathMichigan StateDT772934.614.52-0.09
60Cole TonerHarvardOT773064.674.59-0.08
61Paxton LynchMemphisQB782444.344.26-0.08
62Thomas DuarteUCLATE742314.324.24-0.08
63Miles KillebrewSouthern UtahSS732174.264.18-0.08
64Beau SandlandMontana StateTE762534.414.33-0.08
65Jordan LomaxIowaFS692024.234.15-0.08
66Darius LathamIndianaDT763114.714.63-0.08
67Jalin MarshallOhio StateWR702004.214.13-0.08
68Shadrach ThorntonNorth Carolina StateRB712174.294.21-0.08
69Noah SpenceEastern KentuckyDE742514.434.35-0.08
70Joshua GarnettStanfordG763124.724.64-0.08
71Chris JonesMississippi StateDT773104.704.62-0.08
72Cayleb JonesArizonaWR742094.214.14-0.07
73Bralon AddisonOregonWR691974.214.14-0.07
74Ronald BlairAppalachian StateDE742844.604.53-0.07
75Jeff DriskelLouisiana TechQB762344.324.25-0.07
76Jerell AdamsSouth CarolinaTE772474.374.31-0.06
77Spencer DrangoBaylorG773154.724.66-0.06
78Daryl WorleyWest VirginiaCB722044.214.15-0.06
79Temarrick HemingwaySouth Carolina StateTE762444.374.31-0.06
80Beniquez BrownMississippi StateOLB722294.344.28-0.06
81DeAndre WashingtonTexas TechRB682044.264.20-0.06
82Ryan SmithNorth Carolina CentralCB711894.144.09-0.05
83Willie BeaversWestern MichiganOT763214.764.71-0.05
84Ryan MalleckVirginia TechTE762474.384.33-0.05
85Andy JanovichNebraskaRB732384.374.32-0.05
86Maurice CanadyVirginiaCB731934.144.09-0.05
87Graham GlasgowMichiganG773074.684.63-0.05
88Tyler JohnstoneOregonOT773014.654.60-0.05
89Xavien HowardBaylorCB722014.194.15-0.04
90Jalen RamseyFlorida StateFS732094.224.18-0.04
91Ufomba KamaluMiami (FL)DT772954.624.58-0.04
92Javon HargraveSouth Carolina StateDT733094.744.70-0.04
93Connor McGovernMissouriG763064.694.65-0.04
94James BradberrySamfordCB722114.244.21-0.03
95Jonathan BullardFloridaDE752854.594.56-0.03
96Kenyan DrakeAlabamaRB722104.244.21-0.03
97Cory LittletonWashingtonOLB752384.354.32-0.03
98DeVante HarrisTexas AMCB701764.094.06-0.03
99Derrick HenryAlabamaRB742474.414.38-0.03
100Vernon ButlerLouisiana TechDT753234.794.76-0.03
101Matt JudonGrand Valley StateDE752754.544.52-0.02
102Germain IfediTexas AMOT773244.774.75-0.02
103Emmanuel OgbahOklahoma StateDE762734.524.50-0.02
104Josh WoodrumLibertyQB742314.324.31-0.01
105LeShaun SimsSouthern UtahCB722034.204.19-0.01
106Victor OchiStony BrookDE732464.414.40-0.01
107Vernon AdamsOregonQB702004.214.20-0.01
108Kenneth DixonLouisiana TechRB702154.294.28-0.01
109Chris MooreCincinnatiWR732064.214.20-0.01
110Nelson SpruceColoradoWR732064.214.20-0.01
111Demarcus RobinsonFloridaWR732034.194.190.00
112Hunter SharpUtah StateWR711984.194.190.00
113Evan BoehmMissouriC743024.694.690.00
114Jihad WardIllinoisDE772974.634.630.00
115Cyrus JonesAlabamaCB691974.214.210.00
116Devante BondOklahomaOLB732354.364.360.00
117Brandon WilliamsTexas AMFS711974.184.190.01
118Shawn OakmanBaylorDE792874.554.560.01
119Joel StaveWisconsinQB772364.314.330.02
120Kenny LawlerCaliforniaWR742034.184.200.02
121Dak PrescottMississippi StateQB742264.304.320.02
122Austin JohnsonPenn StateDT763144.734.750.02
123Daniel LascoCaliforniaRB722094.234.260.03
124Alex LewisNebraskaOT783124.694.720.03
125Wendell SmallwoodWest VirginiaRB702084.254.280.03
126Tyvis PowellOhio StateFS742114.224.250.03
127Anthony BrownPurdueCB711924.164.190.03
128Briean Boddy-CalhounMinnesotaCB691934.194.220.03
129Dadi NicolasVirginia TechDE742354.344.380.04
130Jarran ReedAlabamaDT743074.714.750.04
131AShawn RobinsonAlabamaDT753074.704.740.04
132Brandon WildsSouth CarolinaRB722204.294.330.04
133Derrick KindredTexas ChristianSS702074.254.290.04
134Matt IoannidisTempleDT752994.664.710.05
135Connor CookMichigan StateQB762174.234.280.05
136Dominique RobertsonWest GeorgiaOT763244.784.830.05
137Kevon SeymourSouthern CaliforniaCB711864.134.180.05
138Christian WestermanArizona StateG752984.664.710.05
139Romeo OkwaraNotre DameDE762654.484.530.05
140Andrew BillingsBaylorDT723114.764.820.06
141Kevin HoganStanfordQB752184.254.310.06
142Brandon AllenArkansasQB732174.264.330.07
143Matt SkuraDukeC753054.694.760.07
144Yannick NgakoueMarylandDE742524.434.500.07
145Scooby WrightArizonaILB712394.404.470.07
146Nick MartinNotre DameC762994.654.720.07
147Christian HackenbergPenn StateQB762234.264.330.07
148Mehdi AbdesmadBoston CollegeDT782844.554.620.07
149Jack AllenMichigan StateC732944.664.730.07
150Keyarris GarrettTulsaWR752204.264.330.07
151A.J. StampsKentuckyFS701934.184.250.07
152Ron ThompsonSyracuseDE752534.434.500.07
153Nila KasitatiOklahomaG753174.754.830.08
154John TheusGeorgiaOT783134.704.780.08
155Glenn GronkowskiKansas StateRB742394.374.450.08
156DeAndre Houston-CarsonWilliam & MaryFS722014.194.280.09
157Taylor DeckerOhio StateOT793104.674.760.09
158Aaron BurbridgeMichigan StateWR722064.224.310.09
159Joe DahlWashington StateG763044.684.770.09
160Jonathan JonesAuburnCB691864.154.250.10
161Lamarcus BrutusFlorida StateFS712064.234.330.10
162Trevor DavisCaliforniaWR731884.124.220.10
163B.J. GoodsonClemsonILB722424.404.510.11
164Bryce WilliamsEast CarolinaTE772574.424.530.11
165Avery YoungAuburnOT763284.804.910.11
166Darian ThompsonBoise StateFS732084.224.330.11
167Travis FeeneyWashingtonOLB752304.314.420.11
168Tyler MatakevichTempleILB722384.384.500.12
169Jordan PaytonUCLAWR732074.214.330.12
170Adolphus WashingtonOhio StateDT753014.674.790.12
171Steven DanielsBoston CollegeILB712434.424.540.12
172Eric StrikerOklahomaOLB712274.344.460.12
173Vadal AlexanderLSUG773264.784.900.12
174Jared NorrisUtahILB732414.394.520.13
175Keanu NealFloridaFS722114.244.380.14
176Hassan RidgewayTexasDT753034.684.820.14
177Alonzo RussellToledoWR752064.184.330.15
178Geronimo AllisonIllinoisWR751964.134.280.15
179Juston BurrisNorth Carolina StateCB722124.254.400.15
180Trevone BoykinTexas ChristianQB722124.254.400.15
181Malcolm MitchellGeorgiaWR711984.194.340.15
182Sterling BaileyGeorgiaDE762854.584.730.15
183Will FullerNotre DameWR721864.124.270.15
184D.J. WhiteGeorgia TechCB701934.184.330.15
185Duke WilliamsAuburnWR742294.314.470.16
186Steve LongaRutgersOLB722414.404.560.16
187C.J. JohnsonMississippiILB732344.354.520.17
188Sterling ShepardOklahomaWR701944.184.350.17
189Montese OvertonEast CarolinaOLB732234.294.470.18
190Tyler BoydPittsburghWR731974.164.350.19
191D.J. PettwayAlabamaDE742654.504.690.19
192Darrell GreeneSan Diego StateG743214.794.980.19
193Ronnie StanleyNotre DameOT773124.714.900.19
194Kevin PetersonOklahoma StateCB701814.114.310.20
195Giorgio NewberryFlorida StateDE772854.574.780.21
196Jacoby BrissettNorth Carolina StateQB752314.314.530.22
197Fahn CooperMississippiOT763034.674.890.22
198Jerald HawkinsLSUOT773054.674.890.22
199Denver KirklandArkansasG763354.845.060.22
200Elijah ShumateNotre DameSS712164.284.510.23
201Branden JacksonTexas TechDE752734.534.770.24
202Charone PeakeClemsonWR742094.214.460.25
203Jared GoffCaliforniaQB762154.224.470.25
204Tyler MarzWisconsinOT783164.714.970.26
205Halapoulivaati VaitaiTexas ChristianOT783204.735.000.27
206Chris MayesGeorgiaDT753384.865.130.27
207Alex RedmondUCLAG762944.624.900.28
208Brandon DoughtyWestern KentuckyQB742134.234.520.29
209Sebastian TretolaArkansasG763144.735.020.29
210Marshaun CoprichIllinois StateRB682074.274.580.31
211Devaunte SiglerJacksonville StateDT752984.664.970.31
212Harlan MillerSoutheastern LouisianaCB711824.114.430.32
213Pearce SlaterSan Diego StateOT783294.785.120.34
214Stephane NembotColoradoOT783224.755.150.40
215Caleb BenenochUCLAOT773114.705.110.41
216Mekale McKayCincinnatiWR752074.194.630.44

Super athletic defensive ends/projected top-10 picks Joey Bosa and Shaq Lawson both ranked in the top 10 in this height/weight-adjusted metric. But, to put Brendel’s performance in perspective, he finished just 0.06 hundredths of a second behind both players, despite carrying an extra 34 pounds. Brendel is projected to be drafted, although likely on day three, but this gives us an extra reason to see how his career unfolds.

  • LightsOut85

    This is very old, but I was working with the numbers in Excel & noticed something I wanted to come back & check.

    The intro says that shorter players have an advantage in the short shuttle (makes sense – easier change of direction w/shorter legs), yet looking at same-weights in the chart, the shorter players have SLOWER expected times.

    Am I just mis-reading, & you meant they have an advantage IN THE FORMULA (not the drill – because of lower expected times). If that’s the case, then….ah, that explains it, but it still feels a little odd, bio-mechanically. The 3-cone article is more straight forward, saying that THE DRILL favors tall & light players. That the tall players have longer strides….that makes sense for straight-line running, but with the cone drills I would think shorter players would have an easier time planting & changing direction (enough of an easier time, that it would be more important than longer strides for the straight-running parts). But I digress…

    ALSO, I am getting different numbers when I plug (at least) the first few entries (by default order here) into the formula. (I’m getting faster times. Ex: 4.00 – (0.012*76) + (0.005*303) = 4 – 0.912 + 1.515 = 4.603, when the table says Brendel’s expected was 4.67. Actually, I just pasted the whole table into excel & put a column using the formula (for expected) next to the expected-shuttle column & got an average of 0.0601 less (than original table), with extremes of 0.045 less & 0.077 less).

    If anyone happens to read this (this far after the fact), am I doing something wrong, or was there an error in posting something here? (Especially the 2nd part, which I can’t find a way to explain away, like with the misreading of the first part).

    (Note: Also noticed issue w/3-cone formula, & posting on that article,