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Turnover Among Targets, Part II

by Chase Stuart on April 27, 2014

in History, Receiving, Trivia

Yesterday, I looked at team turnover in the passing game for every team in 2013. You can review the pretty complicated1 formula in that post, but the short version is to give each player credit for the lower of two values: his percentage of team receiving yards in Year N and his percentage of team yards in Year N-1. Today, I use that same concept to analyze team passing for every year since the merger.

And the team with the greatest receiving turnover in NFL history (even including pre-1970 teams) is the 1989 Detroit Lions. Take a look at the players who caught passes for Detroit in 1988:

Receiving
No. Age Pos G GS Rec Yds Y/R TD Y/G
82 Pete Mandley 27 PR/WR 15 14 44 617 14.0 4 41.1
33 Garry James 25 RB 16 16 39 382 9.8 2 23.9
80 Carl Bland 27 wr 16 2 21 307 14.6 2 19.2
89 Jeff Chadwick 28 WR 10 8 20 304 15.2 3 30.4
83 Gary Lee 23 KR/wr 14 6 22 261 11.9 1 18.6
30 James Jones 27 FB 14 14 29 259 8.9 0 18.5
87 Pat Carter 22 TE 15 14 13 145 11.2 0 9.7
49 Tony Paige 26 rb 16 2 11 100 9.1 0 6.3
81 Stephen Starring 27 6 0 5 89 17.8 0 14.8
38 Scott Williams 26 11 0 3 46 15.3 0 4.2
81 Mark Lewis 27 te 3 3 3 32 10.7 1 10.7
41 Paco Craig 23 8 0 2 29 14.5 0 3.6
26 Carl Painter 24 12 0 1 1 1.0 0 0.1
Team Total 26.2 16 213 2572 12.1 13 160.8

The Lions had a terrible passing game in 1988, ranking last in both yards and yards per attempt. Detroit’s top three receivers were Pete Mandley, Carl Bland, and Jeff Chadwick: the next year, Mandley was in Kansas City, Bland in Green Bay, and Chadwick had one catch with the Lions before spending the rest of the year with Seattle. Running back Garry James, fullback James Jones, and tight end Pat Carter were all gone, too. In addition to Chadwick’s one catch, the only two other “receivers” who caught a pass for the ’89 Lions were Tony Paige (100 yards in ’88, 27 in ’89) and Carl Painter (one yard in ’88, 41 in ’89). This next table shows each Lion who caught a pass in 1989:

Receiving
No. Age Pos G GS Rec Yds Y/R TD Y/G
84 Richard Johnson 28 WR 16 15 70 1091 15.6 8 68.2
82 Robert Clark 24 WR 16 16 41 748 18.2 2 46.8
24 Jason Phillips 23 WR 16 6 30 352 11.7 1 22.0
87 Walter Stanley 27 PR/WR 14 12 24 304 12.7 0 21.7
20 Barry Sanders*+ 21 RB 15 13 24 282 11.8 0 18.8
81 Stacey Mobley 24 wr 10 6 13 158 12.2 0 15.8
89 Keith McDonald 26 wr 6 3 12 138 11.5 0 23.0
80 John Ford 23 wr 7 1 5 56 11.2 0 8.0
23 Mel Gray 28 KR 10 1 2 47 23.5 0 4.7
26 Carl Painter 25 15 0 3 41 13.7 0 2.7
83 Troy Johnson 27 wr 9 2 2 29 14.5 0 3.2
49 Tony Paige 27 rb 16 4 2 27 13.5 0 1.7
89 Jeff Chadwick 29 wr 1 1 1 9 9.0 0 9.0
Team Total 26.2 16 229 3282 14.3 11 205.1

After looking at those two tables, you can understand why I’ve identified the ’89 Lions as the team to experience the most turnover in the receiving game of any team in NFL history. Which other teams top the list? The table below shows the 100 teams to see the largest turnover since the merger. And while it may not be intuitive, turnover has tended to be a good thing. The Lions had a Relative ANY/A of -1.97 in 1988 and then -1.14 in 1989; that’s an increase of 0.83 ANY/A, evidence that turnover was a good thing here. Teams like the 2007 Patriots and 1999 Rams experienced a lot of turnover, too. For these 100 teams, all presented below, the average change in Relative ANY/A was +0.35. For each team, the final three columns show their Year N-1 Relative ANY/A, their Year N Relative ANY/A, and the difference. As always, the table is fully sortable and searchable.

Rk
Tm
Yr
Perc
Year N-1 Targets
Year N Targets
N-1
YrN
Diff
1DET19891.1%Pete Mandley- Garry James- Carl Bland- Jeff ChadwickRichard Johnson- Robert Clark- Jason Phillips- Walter Stanley-1.97-1.140.83
2PIT19706.2%Roy Jefferson- J.R. Wilburn- John Hilton- Dick HoakRon Shanklin- Dave Smith- Dennis Hughes- John Fuqua-2.14-2.120.02
3NOR19978%Michael Haynes- Torrance Small- Haywood Jeffires- Henry LuskRandal Hill- Andre Hastings- Eric Guliford- Ray Zellars-0.68-2.49-1.81
4BUF198512.2%Byron Franklin- Preston Dennard- Tony Hunter- Mitchell BrookinsJerry Butler- Andre Reed- Greg Bell- Chris Burkett-2.37-1.70.67
5NOR200013%Eddie Kennison- Keith Poole- Andre Hastings- Cam CleelandJoe Horn- Willie Jackson- Ricky Williams- Keith Poole-1.370.571.94
6WAS200113.5%Albert Connell- James Thrash- Larry Centers- Irving FryarRod Gardner- Michael Westbrook- Kevin Lockett- Stephen Davis-0.04-0.59-0.55
7PHI199916%Jeff Graham- Irving Fryar- Duce Staley- Kevin TurnerTorrance Small- Charles Johnson- Luther Broughton- Duce Staley-2.35-2.060.29
8CHI197416.2%Earl Thomas- Carl Garrett- George Farmer- Jim HarrisonCharlie Wade- Bo Rather- Ken Grandberry- Perry Williams-2-1.850.15
9PIT198417.5%Calvin Sweeney- Bennie Cunningham- Walter Abercrombie- Greg HawthorneJohn Stallworth- Louis Lipps- Rich Erenberg- Weegie Thompson-1.380.471.85
10BAL199918.6%Jermaine Lewis- Floyd Turner- Michael Jackson- Eric GreenQadry Ismail- Justin Armour- Patrick Johnson- Jermaine Lewis-0.46-0.95-0.49
11PHI197319.3%Harold Jackson- Ben Hawkins- Harold Carmichael- Gary BallmanHarold Carmichael- Charle Young- Norm Bulaich- Tom Sullivan-1.081.712.79
12CLE200919.8%Braylon Edwards- Kellen Winslow Jr.- Steve Heiden- Syndric SteptoeMohamed Massaquoi- Jerome Harrison- Chansi Stuckey- Mike Furrey-2.38-2.51-0.13
13PHI199620.1%Calvin Williams- Fred Barnett- Ricky Watters- Rob CarpenterIrving Fryar- Chris Jones- Ricky Watters- Kevin Turner-1.630.512.14
14CHI197521.1%Charlie Wade- Bo Rather- Ken Grandberry- Perry WilliamsBo Rather- Bob Grim- Walter Payton- Greg Latta-1.85-1.50.35
15JAX201221.3%Marcedes Lewis- Mike Thomas- Maurice Jones-Drew- Jason HillCecil Shorts- Justin Blackmon- Marcedes Lewis- Laurent Robinson-2.5-1.131.37
16NYJ199521.8%Rob Moore- Johnny Mitchell- Art Monk- Johnny JohnsonWayne Chrebet- Johnny Mitchell- Charles Wilson- Adrian Murrell-0.64-2.1-1.46
17SDG197422.4%Jerry LeVias- Gary Garrison- Pettis Norman- Ron HollidayGary Garrison- Harrison Davis- Don Woods- Wayne Stewart-2.290.262.55
18NWE200723.3%Reche Caldwell- Ben Watson- Troy Brown- Kevin FaulkRandy Moss- Wes Welker- Donte' Stallworth- Jabar Gaffney0.663.262.6
19STL197223.4%John Gilliam- Mel Gray- Jackie Smith- MacArthur LaneWalker Gillette- Ahmad Rashad- Jackie Smith- Johnny Roland-0.01-1.17-1.16
20NYG197023.6%Homer Jones- Joe Morrison- Don Herrmann- Aaron ThomasClifton McNeil- Bob Tucker- Ron Johnson- Tucker Frederickson1.471.470
21MIN200723.9%Travis Taylor- Mewelde Moore- Troy Williamson- Jermaine WigginsBobby Wade- Sidney Rice- Robert Ferguson- Visanthe Shiancoe-1.12-0.50.62
22MIA199323.9%Mark Duper- Mark Clayton- Keith Jackson- Tony MartinIrving Fryar- Terry Kirby- Mark Ingram- Keith Byars1.361.570.21
23WAS199424%Ricky Sanders- Tim McGee- Art Monk- Desmond HowardHenry Ellard- Desmond Howard- Tydus Winans- Ricky Ervins-1.94-0.681.26
24ARI199524.3%Gary Clark- Ricky Proehl- Larry Centers- Randal HillLarry Centers- Rob Moore- Frank Sanders- Anthony Edwards-1.16-0.920.24
25GNB197824.4%Steve Odom- Ollie Smith- Barty Smith- Willard HarrellJames Lofton- Aundra Thompson- Terdell Middleton- Barty Smith-0.98-0.240.74
26SDG198824.4%Wes Chandler- Lionel James- Kellen Winslow- Gary AndersonJamie Holland- Anthony Miller- Quinn Early- Rod Bernstine-0.53-1.6-1.07
27HOU199524.6%Webster Slaughter- Haywood Jeffires- Ernest Givins- Pat ColemanChris Sanders- Haywood Jeffires- Todd McNair- Frank Wycheck-1.67-0.361.31
28SFO200624.7%Brandon Lloyd- Arnaz Battle- Johnnie Morton- Kevan BarlowAntonio Bryant- Arnaz Battle- Frank Gore- Eric Johnson-2.8-0.622.18
29TAM201224.9%Mike Williams- Kellen Winslow Jr.- Preston Parker- Arrelious BennVincent Jackson- Mike Williams- Doug Martin- Dallas Clark-1.210.411.62
30IND199424.9%Reggie Langhorne- Jessie Hester- Anthony Johnson- Sean DawkinsSean Dawkins- Floyd Turner- Marshall Faulk- Roosevelt Potts-0.39-0.370.02
31DEN197125.1%Al Denson- Jim Whalen- Billy Van Heusen- Mike HaffnerJerry Simmons- Billy Masters- Bobby Anderson- Dwight Harrison-1.95-1.270.68
32SEA201025.1%T.J. Houshmandzadeh- Nate Burleson- John Carlson- Deion BranchMike Williams- Ben Obomanu- Deon Butler- Brandon Stokley-0.96-1.03-0.07
33NWE201325.1%Wes Welker- Brandon Lloyd- Rob Gronkowski- Aaron HernandezJulian Edelman- Danny Amendola- Rob Gronkowski- Aaron Dobson1.460.25-1.21
34NOR199826.4%Randal Hill- Andre Hastings- Eric Guliford- Ray ZellarsSean Dawkins- Cam Cleeland- Keith Poole- Andre Hastings-2.49-0.811.68
35PHI198326.7%Harold Carmichael- Ron Smith- John Spagnola- Wilbert MontgomeryMike Quick- Harold Carmichael- Hubie Oliver- Michael Haddix-0.020.060.08
36HOU200626.9%Andre Johnson- Jabar Gaffney- Corey Bradford- Domanick WilliamsAndre Johnson- Eric Moulds- Owen Daniels- Wali Lundy-1.57-0.660.91
37DEN200627%Rod Smith- Ashley Lelie- Jeb Putzier- Mike AndersonJavon Walker- Rod Smith- Brandon Marshall- Tony Scheffler1.36-0.45-1.81
38ARI200327%David Boston- Marcel Shipp- Frank Sanders- Jason McAddleyAnquan Boldin- Freddie Jones- Bryant Johnson- Bryan Gilmore-1.77-1.170.6
39SFO200427.7%Terrell Owens- Tai Streets- Jed Weaver- Cedrick WilsonEric Johnson- Cedrick Wilson- Brandon Lloyd- Curtis Conway0.79-1.54-2.33
40CIN200027.9%Darnay Scott- Carl Pickens- Willie Jackson- Tony McGeePeter Warrick- Tony McGee- Craig Yeast- Danny Farmer-0.53-2.37-1.84
41SFO197828.1%Gene Washington- Paul Seal- Tom Mitchell- Kenny HarrisonFreddie Solomon- Paul Seal- Kenny Harrison- Ken MacAfee-0.6-2.95-2.35
42NYJ197628.2%Rich Caster- Jerome Barkum- John Riggins- Eddie BellDavid Knight- Clark Gaines- Rich Caster- Ed Marinaro-1.68-2.96-1.28
43BUF201028.4%Terrell Owens- Lee Evans- Fred Jackson- Josh ReedSteve Johnson- Lee Evans- Roscoe Parrish- David Nelson-1.54-0.860.68
44WAS201128.5%Santana Moss- Anthony Armstrong- Chris Cooley- Fred DavisJabar Gaffney- Fred Davis- Santana Moss- Roy Helu Jr.-0.36-1.04-0.68
45DAL200128.8%James McKnight- Rocket Ismail- Jackie Harris- Chris WarrenRocket Ismail- Joey Galloway- Jackie Harris- Reggie Swinton-1.34-1.62-0.28
46ATL199428.9%Andre Rison- Michael Haynes- Mike Pritchard- Drew HillTerance Mathis- Andre Rison- Bert Emanuel- Ricky Sanders-0.29-0.140.15
47NOR197629%Paul Seal- Larry Burton- Alvin Maxson- Mike StrachanDon Herrmann- Tony Galbreath- Henry Childs- Larry Burton-2.63-0.731.9
48OAK200829%Ronald Curry- Jerry Porter- Zach Miller- LaMont JordanZach Miller- Johnnie Lee Higgins- Darren McFadden- Chaz Schilens-1.31-1.060.25
49GNB200229.2%Bill Schroeder- Antonio Freeman- Ahman Green- Corey BradfordDonald Driver- Terry Glenn- Bubba Franks- Ahman Green1.830.4-1.43
50TAM200429.7%Keenan McCardell- Keyshawn Johnson- Michael Pittman- Charles LeeMichael Clayton- Joey Galloway- Michael Pittman- Ken Dilger0.250.02-0.23
51KAN199730.1%Chris Penn- Kimble Anders- Sean LaChapelle- Marcus AllenAndre Rison- Kimble Anders- Tony Gonzalez- Ted Popson-0.430.250.68
52HOU198330.2%Dave Casper- Harold Bailey- Mike Renfro- Donnie CraftTim Smith- Chris Dressel- Mike Renfro- Herkie Walls-1.26-1.39-0.13
53SDG197530.3%Gary Garrison- Harrison Davis- Don Woods- Wayne StewartPat Curran- Gary Garrison- Dwight McDonald- Rickey Young0.26-1.49-1.75
54GNB198830.4%Walter Stanley- Phil Epps- Frankie Neal- Ed WestSterling Sharpe- Perry Kemp- Walter Stanley- Keith Woodside-0.61-1.13-0.52
55NOR198130.4%Wes Chandler- Ike Harris- Tony Galbreath- Henry ChildsGuido Merkens- Wayne Wilson- Jeff Groth- Wes Chandler0.33-2.17-2.5
56DAL198830.5%Herschel Walker- Mike Renfro- Kelvin Edwards- Doug CosbieRay Alexander- Michael Irvin- Kelvin Martin- Herschel Walker-0.2-0.46-0.26
57CLE199230.5%Webster Slaughter- Leroy Hoard- Reggie Langhorne- Scott GalbraithMichael Jackson- Eric Metcalf- Lawyer Tillman- Mark Bavaro0.750.960.21
58DEN200730.5%Javon Walker- Rod Smith- Brandon Marshall- Tony SchefflerBrandon Marshall- Brandon Stokley- Tony Scheffler- Javon Walker-0.450.571.02
59NWE201030.5%Wes Welker- Randy Moss- Ben Watson- Julian EdelmanWes Welker- Deion Branch- Aaron Hernandez- Rob Gronkowski1.582.470.89
60DEN201130.9%Brandon Lloyd- Jabar Gaffney- Eddie Royal- Knowshon MorenoEric Decker- Demaryius Thomas- Brandon Lloyd- Matt Willis0.72-1.13-1.85
61MIA199631%Irving Fryar- O.J. McDuffie- Terry Kirby- Gary ClarkO.J. McDuffie- Fred Barnett- Randal Hill- Stanley Pritchett0.821.320.5
62JAX200931.1%Matt Jones- Maurice Jones-Drew- Dennis Northcutt- Marcedes LewisMike Sims-Walker- Torry Holt- Marcedes Lewis- Mike Thomas-0.440.050.49
63DET197531.1%Ron Jessie- Charlie Sanders- Larry Walton- Altie TaylorRay Jarvis- Charlie Sanders- Marlin Briscoe- Dexter Bussey0.810.12-0.69
64BAL200231.1%Qadry Ismail- Shannon Sharpe- Travis Taylor- Brandon StokleyTravis Taylor- Todd Heap- Jamal Lewis- Brandon Stokley-0.55-0.320.23
65CHI199431.5%Tom Waddle- Terry Obee- Curtis Conway- Neal AndersonJeff Graham- Curtis Conway- Tom Waddle- Raymont Harris-1.77-0.161.61
66SEA200931.8%John Carlson- Bobby Engram- Deion Branch- Koren RobinsonT.J. Houshmandzadeh- Nate Burleson- John Carlson- Deion Branch-1.19-0.960.23
67NWE197232%Randy Vataha- Carl Garrett- Ron Sellers- Hubie BryantReggie Rucker- Carl Garrett- Bob Windsor- Randy Vataha0.3-1.94-2.24
68DAL199932.1%Michael Irvin- Billy Davis- Ernie Mills- Patrick JeffersRocket Ismail- Jason Tucker- Ernie Mills- David LaFleur1.620.36-1.26
69WAS200532.2%Laveranues Coles- Rod Gardner- Chris Cooley- Clinton PortisSantana Moss- Chris Cooley- David Patten- Clinton Portis-1.60.732.33
70MIN197232.2%Bob Grim- Stu Voigt- Dave Osborn- Gene WashingtonJohn Gilliam- Bill Brown- Gene Washington- John Beasley-1.11.362.46
71IND201232.3%Reggie Wayne- Pierre Garcon- Austin Collie- Dallas ClarkReggie Wayne- T.Y. Hilton- Donnie Avery- Dwayne Allen-1.25-0.290.96
72GNB197232.4%Carroll Dale- Rich McGeorge- Donny Anderson- John SpilisCarroll Dale- MacArthur Lane- Leland Glass- John Brockington-0.820.231.05
73RAI198232.4%Derrick Ramsey- Cliff Branch- Bob Chandler- Morris BradshawCliff Branch- Todd Christensen- Marcus Allen- Malcolm Barnwell-1.620.351.97
74TAM199332.7%Lawrence Dawsey- Mark Carrier- Ron Hall- Courtney HawkinsCourtney Hawkins- Horace Copeland- Vince Workman- Ron Hall-0.38-0.95-0.57
75SFO200532.7%Eric Johnson- Cedrick Wilson- Brandon Lloyd- Curtis ConwayBrandon Lloyd- Arnaz Battle- Johnnie Morton- Kevan Barlow-1.54-2.8-1.26
76NYJ199632.8%Wayne Chrebet- Johnny Mitchell- Charles Wilson- Adrian MurrellWayne Chrebet- Keyshawn Johnson- Jeff Graham- Webster Slaughter-2.1-1.081.02
77NWE197132.9%Ron Sellers- Bake Turner- Carl Garrett- Tom BeerRandy Vataha- Carl Garrett- Ron Sellers- Hubie Bryant-3.080.33.38
78SDG201333%Malcom Floyd- Danario Alexander- Antonio Gates- Ronnie BrownKeenan Allen- Antonio Gates- Eddie Royal- Danny Woodhead-0.491.922.41
79NOR197433.1%Bob Newland- Jubilee Dunbar- John Beasley- Jess PhillipsBob Newland- Paul Seal- Joel Parker- Alvin Maxson-0.91-1.53-0.62
80PHI200133.4%Chad Lewis- Charles Johnson- Torrance Small- Darnell AutryJames Thrash- Duce Staley- Todd Pinkston- Chad Lewis-0.580.240.82
81DET200233.8%Johnnie Morton- Cory Schlesinger- David Sloan- Lamont WarrenBill Schroeder- Az-Zahir Hakim- Mikhael Ricks- James Stewart-0.93-1.58-0.65
82NYJ201233.9%Dustin Keller- Santonio Holmes- Plaxico Burress- LaDainian TomlinsonJeremy Kerley- Jeff Cumberland- Dustin Keller- Chaz Schilens-0.78-1.65-0.87
83NWE199334.1%Irving Fryar- Greg McMurtry- Marv Cook- Michael TimpsonBen Coates- Michael Timpson- Vincent Brisby- Kevin Turner-2.06-0.791.27
84CHI197634.1%Bo Rather- Bob Grim- Walter Payton- Greg LattaJames Scott- Roland Harper- Greg Latta- Brian Baschnagel-1.5-0.80.7
85TEN200734.2%Drew Bennett- Bobby Wade- Brandon Jones- Bo ScaifeJustin Gage- Roydell Williams- Bo Scaife- Eric Moulds-1.18-0.870.31
86NOR200634.5%Donte' Stallworth- Joe Horn- Az-Zahir Hakim- Zachary HiltonMarques Colston- Devery Henderson- Reggie Bush- Joe Horn-1.032.013.04
87SDG200334.5%Curtis Conway- Tim Dwight- Stephen Alexander- LaDainian TomlinsonDavid Boston- LaDainian Tomlinson- Antonio Gates- Kassim Osgood-0.35-0.54-0.19
88STL199934.5%Ricky Proehl- Amp Lee- Isaac Bruce- J.T. ThomasIsaac Bruce- Marshall Faulk- Torry Holt- Az-Zahir Hakim-1.132.843.97
89CHI197034.6%Bob Wallace- Dick Gordon- Austin Denney- Jerry SimmonsDick Gordon- George Farmer- Bob Wallace- Don Shy-2.92-0.632.29
90NOR197334.6%Danny Abramowicz- Bob Newland- Dave Parks- Bill ButlerBob Newland- Jubilee Dunbar- John Beasley- Jess Phillips-0.52-0.91-0.39
91OAK200434.6%Jerry Rice- Tim Brown- Charlie Garner- Jerry PorterJerry Porter- Ronald Curry- Doug Gabriel- Doug Jolley-1.12-0.160.96
92CLE200034.6%Kevin Johnson- Terry Kirby- Darrin Chiaverini- Leslie ShepherdKevin Johnson- David Patten- Dennis Northcutt- Aaron Shea-0.98-1.82-0.84
93OAK200734.8%Ronald Curry- Randy Moss- Alvis Whitted- Randal WilliamsRonald Curry- Jerry Porter- Zach Miller- LaMont Jordan-2.71-1.311.4
94CIN201134.8%Terrell Owens- Chad Johnson- Jordan Shipley- Jermaine GreshamA.J. Green- Jerome Simpson- Jermaine Gresham- Andre Caldwell-0.25-0.31-0.06
95CIN200934.8%T.J. Houshmandzadeh- Chad Johnson- Chris Henry- Reggie KellyChad Johnson- Laveranues Coles- Andre Caldwell- John Paul Foschi-2.24-0.261.98
96DAL200434.9%Terry Glenn- Joey Galloway- Antonio Bryant- Richie AndersonKeyshawn Johnson- Jason Witten- Terry Glenn- Antonio Bryant-0.53-0.64-0.11
97NYG197734.9%Bob Tucker- Doug Kotar- Ray Rhodes- Walker GilletteJim Robinson- Gary Shirk- Johnny Perkins- Ed Marshall-1.65-2.1-0.45
98BUF197234.9%Marlin Briscoe- Haven Moses- Wayne Patrick- J.D. HillJ.D. Hill- Bob Chandler- Jim Braxton- O.J. Simpson-2.17-1.980.19
99CHI200835%Bernard Berrian- Muhsin Muhammad- Desmond Clark- Adrian PetersonDevin Hester- Greg Olsen- Matt Forte- Rashied Davis-0.98-0.620.36
100IND198535.2%Ray Butler- Tracy Porter- Matt Bouza- Randy McMillanWayne Capers- Matt Bouza- Pat Beach- Ray Butler-2.07-0.951.12

What about the teams that had the least turnover? The two-time defending champion Cowboys take the top spot on this list. Michael Irvin, Alvin Harper, Jay Novacek, Emmitt Smith, and Daryl Johnston went from this stat line — 1330-777-445-414-372 — in 1993 to this one — 1241-821-475-341-325 — in 1994. That’s pretty crazy, and deserving of the top spot.

Rk
Tm
Yr
Perc
1- 2- 3- 4
1- 2- 3- 4
N-1
YrN
Diff
1DAL199494%Michael Irvin- Alvin Harper- Jay Novacek- Emmitt SmithMichael Irvin- Alvin Harper- Jay Novacek- Emmitt Smith1.921.28-0.64
2IND199792%Marvin Harrison- Sean Dawkins- Ken Dilger- Marshall FaulkMarvin Harrison- Sean Dawkins- Marshall Faulk- Ken Dilger0.24-0.55-0.79
3ATL201290%Roddy White- Julio Jones- Tony Gonzalez- Harry DouglasRoddy White- Julio Jones- Tony Gonzalez- Jacquizz Rodgers0.851.090.24
4RAM199089%Henry Ellard- Flipper Anderson- Pete Holohan- Aaron CoxHenry Ellard- Flipper Anderson- Pete Holohan- Buford McGee1.790.69-1.1
5CIN198289%Cris Collinsworth- Dan Ross- Isaac Curtis- Steve KreiderCris Collinsworth- Dan Ross- Isaac Curtis- Pete Johnson1.931.69-0.24
6MIN197088%Gene Washington- John Henderson- John Beasley- Dave OsbornGene Washington- John Henderson- Bob Grim- John Beasley0.380.530.15
7IND200087%Marvin Harrison- Edgerrin James- Terrence Wilkins- Ken DilgerMarvin Harrison- Jerome Pathon- Edgerrin James- Terrence Wilkins1.642.010.37
8PHI201287%DeSean Jackson- Jeremy Maclin- Brent Celek- Jason AvantJeremy Maclin- DeSean Jackson- Brent Celek- Jason Avant-0.06-0.72-0.66
9DAL199287%Michael Irvin- Jay Novacek- Alvin Harper- Emmitt SmithMichael Irvin- Jay Novacek- Alvin Harper- Kelvin Martin0.711.480.77
10NWE197987%Stanley Morgan- Harold Jackson- Russ Francis- Sam CunninghamHarold Jackson- Stanley Morgan- Russ Francis- Sam Cunningham0.740.7-0.04
11DET199687%Herman Moore- Brett Perriman- Johnnie Morton- Barry SandersHerman Moore- Brett Perriman- Johnnie Morton- Barry Sanders1.62-0.61-2.23
12MIN197787%Sammy White- Ahmad Rashad- Chuck Foreman- Stu VoigtSammy White- Ahmad Rashad- Chuck Foreman- Brent McClanahan1.740.61-1.13
13MIN199586%Cris Carter- Jake Reed- Qadry Ismail- Amp LeeCris Carter- Jake Reed- Qadry Ismail- Amp Lee00.670.67
14MIN199686%Cris Carter- Jake Reed- Qadry Ismail- Amp LeeJake Reed- Cris Carter- Amp Lee- Qadry Ismail0.670.38-0.29
15HOU199186%Haywood Jeffires- Drew Hill- Ernest Givins- Curtis DuncanHaywood Jeffires- Drew Hill- Ernest Givins- Curtis Duncan1.890.83-1.06
16MIN198986%Anthony Carter- Hassan Jones- Steve Jordan- Allen RiceAnthony Carter- Hassan Jones- Steve Jordan- Rick Fenney0.94-0.28-1.22
17NWE199285%Irving Fryar- Marv Cook- Greg McMurtry- Michael TimpsonIrving Fryar- Greg McMurtry- Marv Cook- Michael Timpson-1.07-2.06-0.99
18NYG200685%Plaxico Burress- Jeremy Shockey- Amani Toomer- Tiki BarberPlaxico Burress- Jeremy Shockey- Tiki Barber- Amani Toomer0.28-0.4-0.68
19KAN200385%Eddie Kennison- Tony Gonzalez- Priest Holmes- Marc BoerigterTony Gonzalez- Eddie Kennison- Johnnie Morton- Priest Holmes1.761.840.08
20BUF199185%Andre Reed- James Lofton- Thurman Thomas- Keith McKellerAndre Reed- James Lofton- Thurman Thomas- Keith McKeller1.921.71-0.21
21WAS197385%Charley Taylor- Roy Jefferson- Larry Brown Jr.- Jerry SmithCharley Taylor- Roy Jefferson- Larry Brown Jr.- Charlie Harraway2.291.39-0.9
22CIN199184%Tim McGee- Eddie Brown- Rodney Holman- James BrooksEddie Brown- Tim McGee- Rodney Holman- James Brooks-0.04-0.68-0.64
23SEA200384%Koren Robinson- Darrell Jackson- Bobby Engram- Itula MiliDarrell Jackson- Koren Robinson- Bobby Engram- Itula Mili0.680.890.21
24STL200084%Isaac Bruce- Marshall Faulk- Torry Holt- Az-Zahir HakimTorry Holt- Isaac Bruce- Marshall Faulk- Az-Zahir Hakim2.842.62-0.22
25WAS199083%Gary Clark- Art Monk- Ricky Sanders- Earnest BynerGary Clark- Art Monk- Ricky Sanders- Earnest Byner1.51-0.04-1.55
26STL200183%Torry Holt- Isaac Bruce- Marshall Faulk- Az-Zahir HakimTorry Holt- Isaac Bruce- Marshall Faulk- Ricky Proehl2.622.27-0.35
27RAI198683%Todd Christensen- Dokie Williams- Jessie Hester- Marcus AllenTodd Christensen- Dokie Williams- Jessie Hester- Marcus Allen-0.37-0.030.34
28MIN199983%Randy Moss- Cris Carter- Andrew Glover- Jake ReedRandy Moss- Cris Carter- Jake Reed- Andrew Glover2.631.25-1.38
29DEN199883%Rod Smith- Shannon Sharpe- Ed McCaffrey- Terrell DavisRod Smith- Ed McCaffrey- Shannon Sharpe- Terrell Davis1.31.730.43
30SDG199583%Tony Martin- Mark Seay- Shawn Jefferson- Ronnie HarmonTony Martin- Ronnie Harmon- Shawn Jefferson- Mark Seay0.32-0.17-0.49
31CHI198483%Willie Gault- Walter Payton- Emery Moorehead- Matt SuheyWillie Gault- Emery Moorehead- Dennis McKinnon- Walter Payton0.07-0.15-0.22
32CIN200783%Chad Johnson- T.J. Houshmandzadeh- Chris Henry- Reggie KellyChad Johnson- T.J. Houshmandzadeh- Kenny Watson- Chris Henry1.430.62-0.81
33CIN198683%Cris Collinsworth- Eddie Brown- James Brooks- Rodney HolmanCris Collinsworth- Eddie Brown- James Brooks- Rodney Holman1.851.82-0.03
34TAM200683%Joey Galloway- Michael Clayton- Alex Smith- Michael PittmanJoey Galloway- Michael Pittman- Michael Clayton- Ike Hilliard-0.42-1.39-0.97
35SDG199383%Anthony Miller- Ronnie Harmon- Nate Lewis- Derrick WalkerAnthony Miller- Ronnie Harmon- Nate Lewis- Shawn Jefferson0.26-0.29-0.55
36STL200283%Torry Holt- Isaac Bruce- Marshall Faulk- Ricky ProehlTorry Holt- Isaac Bruce- Marshall Faulk- Ricky Proehl2.27-0.33-2.6
37BUF199483%Andre Reed- Bill Brooks- Pete Metzelaars- Don BeebeAndre Reed- Don Beebe- Bill Brooks- Pete Metzelaars0.39-0.36-0.75
38HOU197683%Ken Burrough- Billy Johnson- Mack Alston- John SawyerKen Burrough- Billy Johnson- Fred Willis- Ronnie Coleman-0.34-0.7-0.36
39STL198483%Roy Green- Pat Tilley- Ottis Anderson- Doug MarshRoy Green- Pat Tilley- Ottis Anderson- Doug Marsh-0.171.661.83
40NYG200083%Amani Toomer- Ike Hilliard- Tiki Barber- Pete MitchellAmani Toomer- Ike Hilliard- Tiki Barber- Greg Comella-0.280.580.86
41PIT200382%Hines Ward- Plaxico Burress- Antwaan Randle El- Amos ZereoueHines Ward- Plaxico Burress- Antwaan Randle El- Amos Zereoue0.4-0.12-0.52
42WAS199682%Henry Ellard- Michael Westbrook- Leslie Shepherd- Brian MitchellHenry Ellard- Michael Westbrook- Jamie Asher- Leslie Shepherd-0.661.081.74
43DAL198082%Tony Hill- Drew Pearson- Tony Dorsett- Preston PearsonTony Hill- Drew Pearson- Billy Joe DuPree- Jay Saldi1.990.51-1.48
44OAK197782%Cliff Branch- Dave Casper- Fred Biletnikoff- Clarence DavisDave Casper- Cliff Branch- Fred Biletnikoff- Mike Siani3.020.61-2.41
45CLE197982%Reggie Rucker- Ozzie Newsome- Dave Logan- Calvin HillDave Logan- Ozzie Newsome- Reggie Rucker- Calvin Hill0.910.21-0.7
46DAL198382%Tony Hill- Doug Cosbie- Drew Pearson- Butch JohnsonTony Hill- Ron Springs- Doug Cosbie- Butch Johnson0.810.65-0.16
47WAS199282%Gary Clark- Art Monk- Ricky Sanders- Earnest BynerGary Clark- Ricky Sanders- Art Monk- Terry Orr3.140.43-2.71
48NYG200482%Amani Toomer- Ike Hilliard- Jeremy Shockey- Tiki BarberAmani Toomer- Jeremy Shockey- Tiki Barber- Ike Hilliard-0.96-0.940.02
49SFO200282%Terrell Owens- J.J. Stokes- Eric Johnson- Garrison HearstTerrell Owens- Tai Streets- J.J. Stokes- Eric Johnson1.470.5-0.97
50PIT200782%Hines Ward- Santonio Holmes- Nate Washington- Cedrick WilsonSantonio Holmes- Hines Ward- Heath Miller- Nate Washington0.140.870.73
51DET197381%Larry Walton- Ron Jessie- Charlie Sanders- Altie TaylorCharlie Sanders- Ron Jessie- Larry Walton- Altie Taylor0.87-0.22-1.09
52PIT197981%Lynn Swann- John Stallworth- Randy Grossman- Bennie CunninghamJohn Stallworth- Lynn Swann- Bennie Cunningham- Franco Harris1.571.18-0.39
53PHI201181%DeSean Jackson- Jeremy Maclin- LeSean McCoy- Jason AvantDeSean Jackson- Jeremy Maclin- Brent Celek- Jason Avant0.63-0.06-0.69
54CLE197281%Fair Hooker- Milt Morin- Frank Pitts- Leroy KellyFrank Pitts- Milt Morin- Fair Hooker- Leroy Kelly-0.5-0.65-0.15
55TAM198481%Kevin House- Gerald Carter- Theo Bell- James WilderKevin House- Gerald Carter- James Wilder- Jerry Bell-0.83-0.150.68
56ATL199381%Andre Rison- Mike Pritchard- Michael Haynes- Drew HillAndre Rison- Michael Haynes- Mike Pritchard- Drew Hill1.27-0.29-1.56
57NYJ199181%Al Toon- Rob Moore- Mark Boyer- Terance MathisRob Moore- Al Toon- Terance Mathis- Chris Burkett-0.110.140.25
58DAL199381%Michael Irvin- Jay Novacek- Alvin Harper- Kelvin MartinMichael Irvin- Alvin Harper- Jay Novacek- Emmitt Smith1.481.920.44
59GNB200181%Bill Schroeder- Antonio Freeman- Ahman Green- Bubba FranksBill Schroeder- Antonio Freeman- Ahman Green- Corey Bradford0.121.831.71
60PHI197481%Harold Carmichael- Charle Young- Norm Bulaich- Tom SullivanCharle Young- Harold Carmichael- Don Zimmerman- Tom Sullivan1.71-0.48-2.19
61PIT197881%Lynn Swann- John Stallworth- Bennie Cunningham- Frank LewisLynn Swann- John Stallworth- Randy Grossman- Bennie Cunningham1.31.570.27
62ATL198181%Alfred Jenkins- Wallace Francis- Junior Miller- William AndrewsAlfred Jenkins- William Andrews- Alfred Jackson- Wallace Francis1.310.37-0.94
63STL200581%Torry Holt- Isaac Bruce- Shaun McDonald- Kevin CurtisTorry Holt- Kevin Curtis- Isaac Bruce- Shaun McDonald0.28-0.05-0.33
64DAL198280%Tony Hill- Drew Pearson- Butch Johnson- Ron SpringsTony Hill- Doug Cosbie- Drew Pearson- Butch Johnson1.330.81-0.52
65SDG200580%Antonio Gates- Eric Parker- LaDainian Tomlinson- Keenan McCardellAntonio Gates- Keenan McCardell- Eric Parker- LaDainian Tomlinson1.960.61-1.35
66WAS200880%Santana Moss- Chris Cooley- Antwaan Randle El- Clinton PortisSantana Moss- Chris Cooley- Antwaan Randle El- Clinton Portis0.49-0.17-0.66
67IND200580%Reggie Wayne- Marvin Harrison- Brandon Stokley- Edgerrin JamesMarvin Harrison- Reggie Wayne- Brandon Stokley- Dallas Clark3.972.55-1.42
68SFO200080%Jerry Rice- Terrell Owens- Charlie Garner- J.J. StokesTerrell Owens- Jerry Rice- Charlie Garner- J.J. Stokes-0.622.082.7
69NYG200180%Amani Toomer- Ike Hilliard- Tiki Barber- Greg ComellaAmani Toomer- Joe Jurevicius- Ike Hilliard- Tiki Barber0.580.13-0.45
70SFO201080%Vernon Davis- Michael Crabtree- Josh Morgan- Frank GoreVernon Davis- Michael Crabtree- Josh Morgan- Frank Gore-0.57-0.110.46
71MIA198280%Duriel Harris- Jimmy Cefalo- Tony Nathan- Nat MooreJimmy Cefalo- Duriel Harris- Tommy Vigorito- Joe Rose-0.14-1.19-1.05
72PIT198280%John Stallworth- Bennie Cunningham- Jim Smith- Lynn SwannJohn Stallworth- Jim Smith- Bennie Cunningham- Lynn Swann0.890.01-0.88
73HOU197980%Ken Burrough- Mike Barber- Mike Renfro- Rich CasterKen Burrough- Mike Barber- Mike Renfro- Rich Caster0.83-0.66-1.49
74STL197080%John Gilliam- Dave Williams- Jackie Smith- Cid EdwardsJohn Gilliam- Jackie Smith- MacArthur Lane- Dave Williams-0.240.50.74
75BUF199280%Andre Reed- James Lofton- Thurman Thomas- Keith McKellerAndre Reed- James Lofton- Thurman Thomas- Don Beebe1.710.64-1.07
76KAN200680%Eddie Kennison- Tony Gonzalez- Samie Parker- Dante HallTony Gonzalez- Eddie Kennison- Samie Parker- Larry Johnson1.520.36-1.16
77STL197780%Ike Harris- Mel Gray- Pat Tilley- J.V. CainMel Gray- Ike Harris- Terry Metcalf- J.V. Cain2.321.27-1.05
78OAK200380%Jerry Rice- Charlie Garner- Tim Brown- Jerry PorterJerry Rice- Tim Brown- Charlie Garner- Jerry Porter1.59-1.12-2.71
79PHI198980%Keith Jackson- Cris Carter- Keith Byars- Mike QuickKeith Byars- Keith Jackson- Cris Carter- Ron Johnson0.03-0.35-0.38
80RAI198379%Cliff Branch- Todd Christensen- Marcus Allen- Malcolm BarnwellTodd Christensen- Cliff Branch- Marcus Allen- Malcolm Barnwell0.350.34-0.01
81HOU200479%Andre Johnson- Corey Bradford- Jabar Gaffney- Billy MillerAndre Johnson- Jabar Gaffney- Domanick Williams- Derick Armstrong-0.730.010.74
82SFO198479%Dwight Clark- Freddie Solomon- Mike Wilson- Roger CraigDwight Clark- Freddie Solomon- Roger Craig- Earl Cooper1.772.821.05
83CLE198079%Dave Logan- Ozzie Newsome- Reggie Rucker- Calvin HillDave Logan- Reggie Rucker- Ozzie Newsome- Mike Pruitt0.211.871.66
84SFO197279%Gene Washington- Ted Kwalick- Vic Washington- Dick WitcherGene Washington- Ted Kwalick- Vic Washington- Larry Schreiber0.691.180.49
85CHI198979%Dennis McKinnon- Ron Morris- Dennis Gentry- Neal AndersonRon Morris- Dennis Gentry- Neal Anderson- Dennis McKinnon0.31-0.59-0.9
86DET201179%Calvin Johnson- Brandon Pettigrew- Nate Burleson- Jahvid BestCalvin Johnson- Brandon Pettigrew- Nate Burleson- Titus Young-0.261.11.36
87BUF198179%Jerry Butler- Frank Lewis- Joe Cribbs- Mark BrammerFrank Lewis- Jerry Butler- Joe Cribbs- Mark Brammer-0.0911.09
88CIN200679%Chad Johnson- T.J. Houshmandzadeh- Chris Henry- Chris PerryChad Johnson- T.J. Houshmandzadeh- Chris Henry- Reggie Kelly1.511.43-0.08
89CIN199779%Carl Pickens- Darnay Scott- David Dunn- Tony McGeeDarnay Scott- Carl Pickens- Tony McGee- David Dunn0.130.890.76
90NYJ200279%Laveranues Coles- Wayne Chrebet- Anthony Becht- Curtis MartinLaveranues Coles- Wayne Chrebet- Santana Moss- Curtis Martin-0.121.361.48
91ATL201079%Roddy White- Tony Gonzalez- Michael Jenkins- Jason SnellingRoddy White- Tony Gonzalez- Michael Jenkins- Jason Snelling-0.080.470.55
92GNB200979%Greg Jennings- Donald Driver- Jordy Nelson- Donald LeeGreg Jennings- Donald Driver- Jermichael Finley- James Jones0.881.670.79
93SFO199179%Jerry Rice- John Taylor- Brent Jones- Tom RathmanJerry Rice- John Taylor- Brent Jones- Keith Henderson1.192.211.02
94DEN198079%Haven Moses- Rick Upchurch- Riley Odoms- Jim JensenHaven Moses- Rick Upchurch- Riley Odoms- Jim Jensen0.07-1.08-1.15
95CIN199679%Carl Pickens- Darnay Scott- Tony McGee- Eric BieniemyCarl Pickens- Darnay Scott- David Dunn- Tony McGee0.350.13-0.22
96NOR201279%Jimmy Graham- Marques Colston- Darren Sproles- Lance MooreMarques Colston- Lance Moore- Jimmy Graham- Darren Sproles2.321.24-1.08
97MIN198179%Ahmad Rashad- Sammy White- Ted Brown- Rickey YoungJoe Senser- Sammy White- Ahmad Rashad- Ted Brown0.16-0.16-0.32
98BUF199778%Andre Reed- Quinn Early- Lonnie Johnson- Steve TaskerAndre Reed- Quinn Early- Lonnie Johnson- Eric Moulds-0.43-1.73-1.3
99KAN198478%Carlos Carson- Henry Marshall- Anthony Hancock- Stephone PaigeCarlos Carson- Henry Marshall- Stephone Paige- Willie Scott0.92-0.22-1.14
100PIT200478%Hines Ward- Plaxico Burress- Antwaan Randle El- Amos ZereoueHines Ward- Plaxico Burress- Antwaan Randle El- Verron Haynes-0.120.80.92

As you’d expect, the teams with the least turnover tended to be good passing teams. On average, the teams with the most turnover had a Relative ANY/A of -0.91 in Year N-1 and -0.56 in Year N; the 100 teams with the least turnover had a RANY/A of +0.83 in Year N-1 and +0.51 in Year N.

  1. While I admit to it being complicated, I think the added value in accuracy is worth the added layer of complexity; frankly, I can’t think of a simple way to calculate turnover that really captures what analysts value. []

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